MEDICAL DEVICES INDUSTRY REPORTS

Safety Reporting in Clinical Investigations: a Gap Analysis of Guidance Documents 

Safety reporting in clinical investigations of medical devices shall be performed in line with Article 80(2) of the EU MDR. On May 2020, it was published the MDCG 2020-10/1, outlining the procedures for safety reporting in clinical investigations of medical devices under the EU MDR. However, on October 2022 the Medical Device Coordination Group (MDCG) published an updated version of the MDCG 2020-10/1, the MDCG 2020-10/1 Rev 1. This article highlights the updates included in the new revision, analysing the gaps between both documents.

Roles and Responsibilities of an Authorised Representative under EU MDR and IVDR 

If a medical device manufacturer is not established in a Member State, the devices can only be placed on the Union market if the manufacturer designates an authorised representative. The authorised representative plays a pivotal role in ensuring the compliance of the devices with EU regulation, serving as point of contact. The obligations and responsibilities of authorised representative are outlined on Article 11 of both MDR and IVDR, but clarification of relevant requirements is described in MDCG 2022-16 of October 2022.

Understanding the ISO Standards Lifecycle

ISO Standards cover a huge range of activities, representing the distilled wisdom of people with expertise in their subject matter and providing the regulators with a sound basis to develop better legislation. ISO Standards are diverse, addressing from the shoe size we wear to the quality of air we breathe. The medical device sector is no exception. ISO has many International Standards and guidance documents aimed at helping the sector ensure safe and effective medical devices while meeting the multitude of national, regional and international regulatory requirements. But how exactly is a Standard developed, reviewed and withdraw?

Amendments to the Transitional Provisions of the European Union MDR and IVDR

The proposed amendments aim to maintain patients’ access to a wide range of medical devices while ensuring the transition to the new framework. The ammendments proposal aims to extend the current transition period (Article 120 of the MDR), and it also deletes the ‘sell-off’ deadlines of both MDR and IVDR. The extension is staggered depending on the risk class of the device – until December 2027 for high-risk devices and December 2028 for medium and lower-risk devices.

EU MDR – Proposal for Extension of Transition Period

The transition to MDR has been slower than anticipated by the European Commission. Insufficient capacity of notified bodies and the low level of preparedness of manufacturers led to a proposal for extension of current MDR transition period with deadlines depending on the risk class of the devices.

MDCG 2022-18 – EU MDR Article 97

EU MDR Article 97 may be a temporary solution to avoid disruption of supply of Medical Devices on the EU Market. The MDCG 2022-18 presents a uniform approach for application of MDR Article 97 on non-compliant legacy devices under the conditions set by the competent authorities, while limiting the impact on the supply of safe and effective devices.

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COSMETIC INDUSTRY REPORTS

UK proposes ban of wet wipes containing plastic 

The UK has proposed, on April 24, 2024, a regulation titled The Environmental Protection (Wet Wipes Containing Plastic) (England) Regulations 2024, to the World Trade Organization (WTO). The regulation aims to eliminate the supply and sale of plastic-containing wet wipes, including cosmetic ones. The public can offer comments on the draft until June 23, 2024, with adoption expected in September of the same year.

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EU to set Labelling Requirements for 56 additional Fragrance Allergens in Cosmetic Products

World Trade Organization (WTO) has been notified by the European Commission of a draft amendment to Regulation (EC) No 1223/2009 as regards labelling of fragrance allergens in Cosmetic Products. The proposed date of adoption of the new regulation is expected to be in the first half of 2023 and the propose date of entry in force 20 days from the publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

New Amendments to the European Cosmetics Regulation – CMR Substances

The European Commission published the Commission Regulation (EU) 2022/1531, which amends Regulation (EC) No 1223/2009 in regards to the use in cosmetic products of certain substances classified as CMR. This amendment introduces new entries to Annex II and Annex III and revises an entry to Annex V to Regulation (EC) No 1223/2009.

UK OPSS call for data on six cosmetic ingredients

On 14 July 2022, the Office for Product Safety and Standards (OPSS – the UK regulator for cosmetic products) issued a call for data on the safety of the following six cosmetic ingredients to investigate any suspected endocrine disrupting properties. 

Updated Glossary of Common Ingredient Names

The European Commission has published the Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2022/677, which updates the Glossary of common ingredient names for use in the labelling of cosmetic products.

European Commission Recommendation on the Definition of Nanomaterial

Nanomaterials are increasingly used in cosmetics and personal care products. They are similar to other chemicals/substances, but with specific risks associated to their use. The European Commission has published a new Recommendation to clarify the definition of ‘nanomaterial’. This definition may serve different policy, legislative and research purposes when addressing materials or issues concerning products of nanotechnologies.

New Restrictions on the Use of Benzophenone-3 and Octocrylene as UV Filters in Cosmetic Products

Ingredients: BENZOPHENONE-3 and OCTOCRYLENE

Date of publication: 07/07/2022

Date of application: 27/07/2022

On July 7th, the European Commission published the Regulation (EU) 2022/1176, amending the EU Cosmetics Regulation as regards the use of certain UV filter in cosmetic products. The use of Octocrylene and Benzophenone-3 will be restricted, following the opinions published by the SCCS.

Expected Restriction on the Use of Methyl Salicylate

The European Commission has notified the World Trade Organization (WTO) of a draft amendment to the Regulation (EC) No. 1223/2009 on cosmetic products. Annex III to Regulation will be amended, and the use of Methyl Salicylate in cosmetic products will be restricted.

SCCS Preliminary Opinion on Alpha-Arbutin and Beta-Arbutin

Alpha-arbutin and Beta-arbutin are used in cosmetic with antioxidant, bleaching and skin conditioning functions. Following concerns raised during discussion within the Working Group on Cosmetic Products and consequent call for data on these ingredients, the SCCS assessed the safety of Alpha-arbutin and Beta-arbutin in cosmetic products.

Request for SCCS Scientific Opinion on Citral

The European Commission requested the SCCS to assess whether the derived safe use levels for Citral by the application of the QRA2 based on the induction of skin sensitization is adequate to protect consumers. A period of 9 months was set for issuing the scientific opinion.

SCCS Scientific Advice on the Safety of Triclocarban and Triclosan

The European Commission Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS) has published its preliminary version of the scientific advice on the safety of Triclocarban and Triclosan as substances with potential endocrine disrupting properties in cosmetic products. The deadline for comments was set at 27 May 2022.

Cosmetic Regulation in the Andean Community

In the Andean Community (Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru), cosmetic products are mainly regulated by Decision 833. All cosmetic products made available in these countries must undergo a Mandatory Sanitary Notification (NSO) and need to be manufactured according to Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP).

Cosmetic Product Labelling in the European Union

The Regulation (EC) No 1223/2009 lays down the mandatory information that needs to be included in the packaging and container of a cosmetic products. In addition to this information, most cosmetic products include certain claims, which must be supported and properly substantiated.

PUBLIC HEALTH REPORTS

FDA updates on hand sanitizers safety for use

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has announced that it is providing a new laboratory testing method to assess the quality of finished hand sanitizers. Moreover, the FDA has issued a new press release on August 27th 2020, where it warns consumers about hand sanitizers packaged in food and drink containers. Earlier this month, the FDA expanded hand sanitizer warnings to include 1-propanol contamination.

Hand sanitizers contaminated with methanol

The new coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 has led to an increasing demand of hand sanitizers. Nevertheless, not all hand sanitizers made available in the market are safe. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has issued a public warning to consumers and health care providers for possible contamination of hand sanitizers with methanol. The FDA advises the public not to use such hand sanitizers, because methanol is a dangerous and toxic substance.

Airborne transmission is the dominant route for the spread of COVID-19

Transmission pathways of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) were studied by analyzing the trend and mitigation measures in the three epicenters. Results show that the airborne transmission route is highly virulent and dominant for the spread of COVID-19. The difference with and without mandated face covering represents the determinant in shaping the trends of the pandemic. Mitigation measures, such as social distancing implemented in the United States, are insufficient by themselves in protecting the public.

Illegal and Ineffective Disinfectants in the EU Market

20 EU countries have reported to the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) and the European Commission (EC) that the COVID-19 pandemic has led to an increased number of non-compliant hand disinfectants on their markets since March 2020.

Could antibody serologic tests downplay SARS-CoV-2 virus prevalence?

Antibody studies might underestimate the share of a population that has been infected with SARS-CoV-2. Most antibody tests have been validated using blood samples from people hospitalized with severe disease. But these individuals, who make up only a small fraction of infected people, might have higher levels of antibodies circulating in their body than have people with mild or no symptoms.

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