Is Aluminium in cosmetics safe for human health?
The Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS) published its Final Opinion on the safety of Aluminium in cosmetic products. This follows a lengthy review process that began in 2013 when the SCCS was first mandated to evaluate the potential health risks of Aluminium (Al) and its compounds in cosmetics.
Picture of Bruna Rolo

Bruna Rolo

Chief Marketing Officer

Aluminium in cosmetics

Aluminium is a cosmetic ingredient commonly found in everyday products like deodorants, antiperspirants, lipsticks, and toothpastes, and is regulated under the Cosmetics Regulation (EC) No 1223/2009.

Safety of Aluminium in cosmetic formulations

Initial evaluations by the SCCS were deemed inconclusive in 2014 due to insufficient data on dermal penetration for accurate risk assessment. In 2020, updated information led the SCCS to adopt its final Opinion (SCCS/1613/19) and published an addendum in March 2021. The addendum affirmed the safety of Aluminium compounds at specific concentrations: 

  • 6.25% in non-spray deodorants and non-spray antiperspirants 
  • 10.60% in spray deodorants and spray antiperspirants 
  • 2.65% in toothpaste 
  • 14% in lipstick

Exposure to Aluminium from multiple sources

In June 2020, after discussions in the Cosmetics Working Group and comments on Aluminium compounds in various products, the Commission asked for more information on possible exposure from different sources such as cosmetics, personal care products, medicines, and diet.

The industry, in March 2021, responded with evidence about this combined exposure, which led to updates in Aluminium use concentrations.

Monitoring Aluminium levels

This Opinion excluded sunscreen aerosol sprays and does not cover nano forms of Aluminium, which will have a separate safety assessment. 

The SCCS also noted that although Aluminium is not classified as a CMR 1A or B substance, combined exposure from cosmetics and food might exceed safe limits for consumers in the highest exposure ranges. This Opinion focuses on consumer risk from Aluminium in cosmetics and aligns with the preliminary opinion published on December 14, 2023. 


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